Gait is also termed as “walking,” which includes an action of musculoskeletal and neuromuscular systems in proper coordination. For the movement of the human body, it is the activities like the movement of joints, contraction of muscles, and perception of sensory, which does all their jobs in coordination.
All the people facing problems while involvements related to musculoskeletal or neuromuscular develop inability or abnormality of joint movement, activation of muscles, and so on. As a result, it can cause lowering functionality and mobility.
With the help of a gait assessment, it becomes easy to catch the impairment areas in the body. When the reason gets identity resulting in impairment of gait, it is possible to undergo a suitable treatment. In the therapy, it is aimed to work upon restoring mobility, safety promotion, and reducing the loss of functionality.
On the other hand, balance is regarded as the human ability to change postures such as sitting, walking, or standing without facing any deviation in the postural movement. Problems related to body balances can be due to health issues or accidents. Balance, as linked with gait, comes under the response related to the coordination of musculoskeletal and neuromuscular systems. In the balance assessment, it can evaluate how an individual can maintain a posture accurate in certain functions such as walking or standing. 00:00.
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Purpose Linked with Gait and Balance Assessment:
The purpose linked behind the assessment of gait is to find out about the walking patterns for isolating the dysfunction completely. Among the impairment areas, it includes joint range loss, lack of coordination, poor control on the posture, and weakening of muscles.
When talking about the balance assessment, it aims at learning about an individual’s stability in certain body activities. The patient’s ability is taken into evaluation for checking the impairment areas, reasons causing the impairment, and about the effects associated with it.
With the detailed evaluation of balance and gait, one gets to know about the impairment areas. It is necessary to ensure a safe restoration process is implied for recovering functionality.
Precautions in Gait and Balance Assessment:
Often, it is seen that individuals suffering from the impairment stand at a high risk of facing another injury due to a fall. When the individuals are found facing problems of gaits and balancing, close attention is paid upon them. And all the safest testing methods are applied to help them.
What are the Causes behind Problems of Gait and Balance?
Among the potential causes found in gait and balance assessment, it includes the following health conditions:
- Painful Conditions
- Inflammation Disorder
- Mental Trauma
In the cases of difficulties occurring for the long term, it can result in causing neurological disorders or health issues. One experience through the conditions of gait and balance due to certain conditions which might include the following:
- Myopathy Condition
- Gout Issues
- CP (Cerebral Palsy)
- Parkinson’s Disease
- Brain Tumor and Hemorrhage
- MS (Multiple Sclerosis)
- Conditions of Joint Pain Like Arthritis
- Vertigo Issues
- Migraine Attacks
- Conditions Of Stroke
- Facing Deformities
Among other causes behind the impairment, it may include fatigue condition or limited movement. The weakening of muscles can affect either one or both the legs resulting in difficulty walking properly.
With the conditions of numbness in the leg or foot, it becomes tough to learn about the movement of your feet, whether it is on the floor or not.
As a whole, it can be concluded that gait and balance assessment do help to evaluate what are the causes behind impairment and reasons resulting in it. Among the adults or old age groups, the problems of falling are majorly noticed.